OA business models

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When the term Business Model is used in connection with Open Access publishing, it is generally the financing of OA journals that is in focus.

Here, we will also focus on the financing of OA journals. There will also be more general discussions, for those with a general interest in thinking Open Access publishing business models.


Open Access journals may not, by definition, finance their activities by setting a price on access to content. The necessary funding has to come through other sources of revenue.

Most journals can be defined as having one major source or kind of income, but this may be supplemented by other sources.

In the following we will try to define some of the major basic income or financing models.

Commercial models

In a commercial business model, the journal will sell some service to someone, at a price.

Co-operative models

Society models