18th century


icon The Northwest Passage
Edward Parry discovered most of the Northwest Passage on the expeditions that were embarked upon from 1819-20 and 1821-23. John Ross, on the other hand, was the first person who used a steamship on an 1828-33 arctic expedition. He was able to determine the position of the magnetic north pole. Sir John Franklin intended to make the final assault on the Northwest Passage in 1845. He and his entire crew perished in 1847. Robert McClure carried out plans of getting through the Northwest Passage, in 1853, but he was not able to sail the entire distance.
icon Peder Balke
The Norwegian painter, Peder Balke, traveled to northern Norway in the summer of 1832. Balke was one of the first to describe northern Norwegian nature in a positive light.
icon The La Recherche Expedition
From 1838-40, the northern waters of Europe were explored by a large French expedition that was led by Paul Gaimard. The expedition was named after the expedition's vessel - La Recherche. Europeans were thus presented with greater knowledge of the northern regions.
icon Lars Levi Laestadius
In 1845, Lars Levi Laestadius began the largest religious revival in the history of northern Scandinavia.
icon The Northeast Passage
Led by Julius von Payer, an Austrian-Hungarian polar expedition once attempted to find the Northeast Passage. They made important discoveries, but they ended up locked in the ice. A.E. Nordenskiöld, however, headed off on the ship Vega, in 1878, and managed to sail through the Northeast Passage in the summer of 1879.
icon Lofoten in Paintings
Numerous Norwegian painters converged on Lofoten at the end of the 19th-century.
icon The Fram Expedition
Fridtjof Nansen wished to drift with the sea currents across the North Pole, onboard the polar vessel Fram. He did not reach the North Pole, but he got further north in 1896 than anyone before him.


   © University Library of Tromsø - 1999.
The Northern Lights Route is part of The Council of Europe Cultural Routes. The Cultural Routes are an invitation to Europeans to wander the paths and explore the places where the unity and diversity of our European identity were forged.